These tests are performed under sedation. Medications (sedatives) usually are given through an intravenous line so the patient becomes sleepy and relaxed, and to reduce pain. If needed, the patient may receive additional doses of medication during the procedure. The tests typically takes less than 30minutes. They are outpatient procedures and do not require an overnight stay in the hospital.
EGD is performed for the evaluation of abdominal pain or heartburn. A scope is passed through the mouth into the esophagus, stomach and first part of the small intestine. It is used to look for inflammation or irritation in the esophagus (called esophagitis) or in the stomach (called gastritis). The test can also check for ulcers or tumors.