Endoscopy

Endoscopy

These tests are performed under sedation.  Medications (sedatives) usually are given through an intravenous line so the patient becomes sleepy and relaxed, and to reduce pain. If needed, the patient may receive additional doses of medication during the procedure. The tests typically takes less than 30minutes.  They are outpatient procedures and do not require an overnight stay in the hospital.

EGD

EGD is performed for the evaluation of abdominal pain or heartburn.  A scope is passed through the mouth into the esophagus, stomach and first part of the small intestine.  It is used to look for inflammation or irritation in the esophagus (called esophagitis) or in the stomach (called gastritis).  The test can also check for ulcers or tumors.

EGD

Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy may be done for a variety of reasons. Most often it is done to investigate the cause of blood in the stool, abdominal pain, diarrhea, a change in bowel habit, or an abnormality found on colonic X-rays or a computerized axial tomography (CT) scan. Individuals with a previous history of polyps or colon cancer and certain individuals with a family history of some types of non-colonic cancers or colonic problems that may be associated with colon cancer (such as ulcerative colitis and colonic polyps) may be advised to have periodic colonoscopies because their risks are greater for polyps or colon cancer. How often should one undergo colonoscopy depends on the degree of the risk and the abnormalities found at previous colonoscopies.
If the procedure is to be complete and accurate, the colon must be completely cleaned, and there are several colonoscopy preparations. Patients are given detailed instructions about the cleansing preparation. In general, this consists of drinking a large volume of a special cleansing solution or several days of a clear liquid diet and laxatives or enemas prior to the examination. These instructions should be followed exactly as prescribed or the procedure may be unsatisfactory (visualization of the lining of the colon may be obscured by residual stool), and it may have to be repeated, or a less accurate alternative test may be performed in its place.
Colon cancer is a common disease, but screening can reduce your chances of developing it.  One widely accepted recommendation has been that even healthy people at normal risk for colon cancer should undergo colonoscopy at age 50.
Colonoscopy is a commonly performed screening method for colon cancer. A tube, light, and camera are inserted into the colon so that a doctor can see the inside of the colon. A major advantage of colonoscopy is that doctors can detect polyps (growths that can turn into cancer) in the colon and remove them at the same time (polypectomy). Also, if your test shows no abnormalities and you do not have any risk factors, you will need a colonoscopy only once every 10 years.

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